Thursday, June 11, 2020

How Armitage and Nichols Create Meaning Through the Language of The Manhunt and A Praise Song for My Mother - Literature Essay Samples

In The Manhunt and in A Praise Song for My Mother, two contrasting images of love are portrayed. The Manhunt tells a story of the lover of a former-soldier and her attempt to uncover his physical and mental injuries he holds so readily, and throughout the form of praise song, Nicholss immense love for her mother and her heritage is displayed using a concoction of rhyming patterns and a collage of vivid imagery. the course of the poem manhunt depicts the flow of the couples relationship, the opening stanza using the repetition of the word after to indicate that these passionate days they once experienced had long lingered away. the use of emotive language such as intimate and passionate gives the impression of the overall tone of the entire poem. Metaphors are a common occurrence throughout the stanzas that follow as the poet describes the post-soldiers face as a frozen river displaying how little emotion he displays towards his lover. Metaphors often contrast to the idea that follows to emphasise the impact of his injuries as she explores his body, and to portray the place their relationship was in before and then after the war, for example she describes his punctured lung as parachute silk and the metal bullet under his chest as a foetus. This use of metaphor also gives indication for a hopeful ending for the pair, as it highlights that somewhere he still possesses that delicate beauty and calmness that she will someday unlock. Adjectives such as damaged and grazes are used to imply that although he is injured- he is not broken entirely. the poem, written in second person and using the pronoun he in replacement for the mans name cause the poem to appear more distant than it had the potential to be; as the poet is attemptin g to distance herself from this broken lover she once new so well. Although their relationship is portrayed as turbulent through the constant use of enjambments, the fact that a steady rhyming pattern in continued up until the final stanzas, shows that the relationship for them has potential to be mended as they still clasp and underlying current of tenderness and intimacy for each other. The ending stanzas are dark and delicate and use half-rhymes such as mine and mind and phrases such as stating that the nerves in his body tightened and closed to show how things nearly were different, using the metaphor an unexploded mine to emphasise this point, as one generally thinks of mines as exploding therefore it indicates the frustration she feels at being so close to discovering her lover but not quite being there. In ‘A Praise Song for My Mother, there is a slight hint of resentment she feels towards her mother which displays similarities to the frustration she feels for him in the manhunt. this is displayed through the final stanza when Nichols tells us the words of her mother as to go to her wide futures. the use of the word wide and the surrounding blank space displays the isolation and negativity she experiences when her mother tells her to leave and find her own way in the world. In addition to this, the slightly uneven formatting in the poem displays how sometimes their relationship was rocky. the repeated phrase you were before anything positive being written about her mother indicates that it is not this way any longer, however, the fact that the phrase is repeated shows that there is a steady current waving through their relationship making it strong. The reoccurring use of present participles also highlights that the mothers love is eternal and can not die out. The poet compar es the love of her mother as timeless substances such as water and the moon the further emphasise this point. Nichols tells us her mother was sunrise to her which displays how she viewed her as the light of her world; the moon representing motherly love, depicts how caring her mother could be towards her. The constant use of metaphors is similar to the manhunt- and although they are used for different effects, they both portray love. Nichols implies that her love for her mother intwines with her love for her home-country, as she describes her mother as being a fishes red gill to her, the grammar rejection of an apostrophe showing how her love is too vast to be subjected to one single object. The writer utilises all the senses in her poem, such as describing the fried plantain smell and water being deep and bold to remind herself how much her mother was to her and try and convey that to the reader. The repetition of the word replenishing depicts how she is attempting to bring back all the memories to try and convince herself as much as the reader how wonderful her mother was.

Friday, May 22, 2020

Stigma in One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest Essay - 747 Words

Although the 19th century expansion of asylums in Europe and The United States was a movement initially based on moral principles, it led to significant negative implications for individuals, who were institutionalized as asylums became overcrowded, lacking hygiene, neglectful of patients and an overall place for poor living conditions (Wright, 1997). The rise in in-patient population in the early 19th century and patients’ inabilities to reintegrate into the community as a result of institutionalization have often been explained in terms of the mental health system and developments in psychology at the time. Sociologists on the other hand, have argued that these institutions have caused people to remain institutionalized. A compelling†¦show more content†¦Randle picks up a woman who in her first greeting asks the patients if they are all â€Å"crazy† and they respond by nodding their heads. This shows that these individuals have come to adopt being â€Å"craz y† as part of their identity, because of being institutionalized and given that label. Further suggestion of this idea is in the scene where Nurse Ratched reveals to Randle that many of the in-patients are at the psychiatric hospital on a voluntary basis, and only few of them are committed, showing their internalization of their identity as mentally ill patients. Another point that can be drawn from the film is the way, which Nurse Ratched conducts the group therapy sessions. The sessions did not appear as beneficial or therapeutic to the individuals participating in them. It is evident that Nurse Ratched, an individual in a position of power, manipulates the patients into confinement in the hospital through her group therapy sessions. She consistently revisits past traumas and difficulties for the patients, which reinforces the symptoms they believe they suffer from which causes them to feel unstable and unable to leave the hospital. Thus, through these examples in the film, it is suggested that individuals admitted to psychiatric hospitals have come to adopt their mental illness as a defining feature of their identity. Empirical studies that have shown support for the utility of labeling theory, include a study doneShow MoreRelatedOne Flew over the Cuckoo Nest Critical Analysis1633 Words   |  7 PagesOne flew over the cuckoo nestâ€Å"One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest† The film â€Å"One flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest† accurately depicts and presents the various psychological issues, such as the use of psychosurgery, institutionalism inside the psychiatric hospital and the medical and societal attitudes towards patients during the 1960s. Set in 1963, the film uses characters – patients and authority figures alike – and setting to accurately depict various aspects of psychological treatments, theories and conceptsRead MoreOne Who Flew Over The Cuckoo s Nest And Shutter Island911 Words   |  4 PagesIn both films, One Who Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest and Shutter Island, lobotomies are used as the last resort in attempts to heal both of the main characters’ mental instability – Randle McMurphy played by Jack Nicholson and Teddy Daniels played by Leonardo DiCaprio. The only difference is that McMurphy is forced to undergo a lobotomy and the mental institution never asked for his permission, while Daniels v oluntarily agreed to a lobotomy. A lobotomy is neurosurgical operation in which a blade isRead MoreOne Flew Over A Cuckoos Nest And Girl Interrupted Literary Analysis1862 Words   |  8 Pagesplatform of literature has two different windows. The first being the depiction of the author and the second being the interpretation of the audience. This concept is evident within both works this essay seeks to explore. In Ken Kesey’s One Flew Over a Cuckoo’s Nest, a charismatic criminal, Randle P. McMurphy is admitted to a state asylum due to his will of serving out of prison sentence in a mental hospital rather than the penitentiary. McMurphy brings in the outside world to the admitted patientsRead More Conflict In One Flew Over The Cuckoos Nest Essay1744 Words   |  7 Pagesinstitutional authority in the 1975 Academy Award winning film One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest brings to light one man’s rebellion against the repressive and controlling powers of an oppre ssive institution. McMurphy is committed to a mental institution after being ejected from a work farm due to his belligerent: some at the prison believed him to be crazy. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Within the walls of the man-made cuckoo’s nest McMurphy and his new peers are scrutinized without end under theRead MoreReview Of Ken Kesey s One Flew Over The Cuckoo s Nest 1603 Words   |  7 Pagesdefinitions of sanity and insanity are affected by many different aspects and according to common knowledge, insanity has a direct correlation to mental illness. Likewise, sanity seems to have a direct link to what is considered normal. One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest by Ken Kesey describes the connection that both insanity and sanity have to mental illness and the people that suffer from it. Furthermore, it describes how the people who work in the mental ward are connected to how sanity and insanityRead MoreStylistic Descriptions of Psyciatric Institutions of the 1960s in Ken Kesey’s One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest and the film Girl, Interrupted1031 Words   |  4 PagesIn Ken Kesey’s novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest and the film Girl, Interrupted directed by James Mangold, the authors look at American psychiatric institutions of the 1960s and explore the idea that hospitals act as a microcosm for society, where characters are used as symbols to represent aspects of society. The settings represent conformity and rebellion, prejudice against minorities and authority figures ruling absolutely. Both authors use stylistic features to position the audience to respondRead MoreNurse Ratched1519 Words   |  7 PagesSmall wonder that McMurphy becomes the ultimate threat to her tight, close little domain. He demands that the patients be given rights. She believes they only the rights she decides to give them. Cruel in the extreme, she plays repetitious loud music over the ward’s speaker system, successfully drowning out normal conversation. As her battle with McMurphy intensifies, his hatred of her leads him to aggressive actions against her. Finally he can stand no more. In his last battle against reasonless authorityRead MoreAnalysis Of One Flew Over The Cuckoo s Nest 3755 Words   |  16 Pagestheir gender, suggesting the two are intrinsically linked. In ‘One Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest’, the patients in the asylum are emasculated by the presence of a powerful woman who controls their fate. These men are not celebrated for their madness as they would have been during the renaissance (Foucault) but rather they are dominated by the â€Å"ball breaker’’ Nurse Ratched. Hence gender and identity in Kesey’s ‘One Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest’ is the premise for conflict within the asylum and the eventualRead MoreThe Effects Of Media On Mental Health Stigma1680 Words   |  7 Pagescounterintuitive roles in regard to mental health stigma. While the media has been a major contributor to the negative attitudes surrounding mental illness, it has recently evolved to become one of the most effective means of ameliorating stigma. However, the media needs to continue to improve in order to promote a healthy environment for people with mental illness. Before narrowing our focus on the media, we must clarify the terms mental illness and stigma. According to the National Alliance on MentalRead MoreMental Illness And The Media1540 Words   |  7 Pagesthe time its associated with words like â€Å"dangerous,† â€Å"monster,† or better yet â€Å"psychopath†. Shawn M Phillips in â€Å"mental illness in popular culture† (p.64) states that at the end of the day, â€Å"mental illness and disabilities are all just clustered into one vague group of â€Å"deviants† by popular culture.† This is not to say it isn t ever associated with positive words like â€Å"beautiful,† â€Å"normal,† and â€Å"kind. The media should be flooded with more positive representations than there are negative, but this is

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Facts About Soft Coral (Octocorals)

Soft corals refer to the organisms in the class Octocorallia, which includes gorgonians, sea fans, sea pens, sea feathers, and blue corals. These corals have a flexible, sometimes leathery, appearance. Although many resemble plants, they are actually animals. Soft corals are colonial organisms, which means they are formed of colonies of polyps. The polyps of soft corals have eight feathery tentacles, which is why they are also known as octocorals. One way to tell the difference between soft corals and hard (stony) corals is that the polyps of hard corals have six tentacles, which are not feathery. Here are some stony coral characteristics, with some of the key differences with soft corals identified: They have polyps that secrete a cup (calyx or calice) in which they live. The polyps of soft corals usually have feathery tentacles.They may harbor zooxanthellae, algae that live within coral polyps and can produce brilliant colors. Others may be colored by bright pink, blue or purple pigmentation.They may contain spikes called sclerites, which are made of calcium carbonate and protein, and are located within a jelly-like tissue called coenenchyme. This tissue lies between the polyps and contains canals called solenia, which transport fluids between the polyps. In addition to providing structure to the coral and protection from predators, the shape and orientation of the sclerites can be used to identify coral species.They have an inner core made out of a protein called gorgonin.They may have a variety of shapes, including fan-like, whip-like or feather-like, or even leathery or encrusting. Classification Kingdom: AnimaliaPhylum: CnidariaClass: AnthozoaSubclass: OctocoralliaOrders:Alcyonacea (the horny corals, also known as the gorgonians, sea fans and sea feathers)Helioporacea (blue corals)Pennatulacea (sea pens) Habitat and Distribution Soft corals are found worldwide, primarily in tropical or subtropical waters. Soft corals do not produce reefs but may live on them. They may also be found in the deep sea. Feeding and Diet Soft corals may feed during the night or day. They use their nematocysts (stinging cells) to sting passing plankton or other small organisms, which they pass to their mouth. Reproduction Soft corals can reproduce both sexually and asexually. Asexual reproduction occurs by budding when a new polyp grows out of an existing polyp. Sexual reproduction occurs either when sperm and eggs are released in a mass spawning event, or by brooding, when only sperm are released, and these are captured by female polyps with eggs. Once the egg is fertilized, a larva is produced and eventually settles to the bottom. Conservation and Human Uses Soft corals may be harvested for use in aquariums. Wild soft corals may also attract tourism in the form of dive and snorkeling operations. Compounds within the tissues of soft corals may be used for medicines. Threats include human disturbance (through humans stepping on corals or dropping anchors on them), overharvesting, pollution, and habitat destruction. Examples of Soft Corals Soft coral species include: Dead Mans Fingers (Alcyonium digitatum)Sea FansSea Pens Sources and Further Reading GBR Explorer. Soft Corals. ReefED.NOAA. Coral Anatomy and Structure. NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program.Simpson, A. 2009. Reproduction in Octocorals (Subclass Octocorallia): A Review of Published Literature. Version 16 July 2009. In Deep-Sea Corals Portal.South Carolina Department of Natural Resources. Octocoral Morphology.Tan, Ria. 2008. Soft Corals. Wild Fact Sheets.Wet Web Media. The Soft Corals, Order Alcyonacea; Use In Marine Aquariums.

Friday, May 8, 2020

Social Darwinism And Its Effects On Society - 1256 Words

Many individuals with disabilities, including physical disabilities, have been treated harshly throughout history. Physical disabilities were thought about and viewed differently in history than they are viewed today. Many things that people do not see as a physical disability, today, were seen as a physical disability in the past. These people were discriminated, murdered, and even experimented on. Most of the physically disabled were poor and unemployed. In the late eighteenth through early twentieth century, the work force was extremely dangerous and resulted in many physically disabled people. These people were fired from their job, because they could not physical do their job anymore. â€Å"In the 19th century, supporters of social Darwinism opposed state aid to the poor and otherwise handicapped. They reasoned that the preservation of the â€Å"unfit† would impede the process of natural selection and tamper the selection of the â€Å"best† or â€Å"fittest† elements necessary for progeny† (Munyi, â€Å"Past and Present Perceptions Towards Disability: A Historical Perspective.†). The government gave little to no help to the physically impaired. Disabilities have been used to discriminate on people who have them and people who do not. Disability has functioned historically to justify inequality for disabled people themselves, but it has also done so for women and minority groups. That is, not only has it been considered justifiable to treat disabled people unequally, but the concept ofShow MoreRelatedSocial Darwinism And Its Effect On Society1069 Words   |  5 Pagesdesired by society. However, only certain people have the gift of strength or the gift of intelligence. Everyone is different. If everyone was the same, if everyone was perfect, life would be dull. Some people may want perfection, but who wants a boring, lifeless world? Unfortunately, some people did, and still do. The people who want a perfect society and who believe that strong, intelligent, and talented people are the ones who deserve to â€Å"survive,† are called Social Darwinists. Social DarwinismRead MoreNatural Selection Means The Animals Who Have Weaker Genetic1608 Words   |  7 Pagesnatural society. Charles Darwin adopted th is idea to explain how the species that survived for ages are the superiors ones with the most substantial genes embedded in them. However, as mankind advanced from our ancestors till now homo-sapiens, knowledge people, natural selection reoccurs among humans in the late 19th century and early 20th century. Social Darwinism was created for the purpose to make changes in the world. In the late 19th century, Social Darwinism influenced the society and createdRead MoreSurvival of the Fittest1409 Words   |  6 Pagesknown as Darwinism, was theorized by scientist Charles Darwin to explain the evolution of animal species. In the late 1800s, however, the idea of Social Darwinism emerged and applied the same concepts of Darwinism but on humans not animals. As defined by the dictionary, Social Darwinism is a belief, popular in the late Victorian era throughout the world, which states that the strongest or toughest should survive and flourish in society, while the weak and unfit should be allowed to die (â€Å"Social† 1)Read MoreEssay on Social Darwinism1197 Words   |  5 Pagesradical and interesting to the scientific world but its effects reach far beyond this small institution of intellectuals. People applied Darwinism and its belief in survival of the fittest to all areas of life. They used it as a â€Å"natural law† which supported their actions and beliefs. Advocates manipulated the scientific doctrine to fulfill their personal needs and to justify religious beliefs, capitalism, and military conquests.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Darwinism greatly impacted the scientific world purely throughRead MoreSocial Darwinism And Its Impact On Society897 Words   |  4 Pages Social Darwinism was a concept that was an accepted theory in the nineteenth-century. It originated from Charles Darwin, which stated ‘ survival of the fittest’, meaning the poor and weak were going to die and that the rich and powerful received more power and growth. However, even though Charles came up with the ‘idea’ of Social Darwinism, he had other social Darwinists who actually grasped the entire concept of Darwinism and applied it to Social Sciences. Social Darwinists like Herbert SpencerRead More Socialism More Beneficial than Social Darwinism Essay699 Words   |  3 Pages The ideas of Social Darwinism and Socialism were first theorized by those in the age of industrialization, when the gap between the social classes was continuing to grow. Social Darwinism is a philosophy that was taken off of the theory of Darwinism in two aspects that were applied to society. One, survival of the fittest. Those who succeeded in life were the ones who were â€Å"fit†, in addition, those who failed were left to be weeded out, Secondly, the idea of natural selection as applied toRead MoreSocial Darwinism Is An Ideology Of Society1566 Words   |  7 PagesSocial Darwinism is an ideology of society that seeks to apply biological concepts of the laws of evolution by natural selection of evolutionary theory to sociology and politics, often with the assumption that conflict between groups in society leads to social progress as superior groups outcompete inferior ones. How we got to the point of coining the modern term of â€Å"Social Darwinism† we would have to turn to the famous man himself, Charles Darwin. At first glance, Charles Darwin seems an unlikelyRead MoreThe Theory Of Social Darwinism1345 Words   |  6 Pageswill do more harm to the society good. I ask myself, should Mr. Herbert Spencer, Minister Graham Sumner, and Andrew Carnegie come back to life, what will be their response? The aforementioned are the considered the fathers of Social Darwinism. In this essay I will discuss and evaluate the theory of Social Darwinism. Social Darwinism, a theory that supposed that humans are subject to Darwin’s law of evolution just like all other species and therefore when it comes to the society the most socially capableRead MoreRace, Ethnicity, Art and Film Essay826 Words   |  4 PagesThis paper tries to analyze race relations, ethnicity and how art and film relates to these social issues in their cultural context. Art and film have played vital roles in advocating for a society free of ethnicity and racism. Using vivid descriptions and evidence of both text and a movie this paper seeks to relate accordingly the concerned issues and factors affecting these social vices. It will demonstrate race and ethnic tendencies in diverse cultural contexts. As a demographic phenomenonRead MoreThe Theory Of Biological Evolution1192 Words   |  5 PagesSocial Darwinism is defined as the application of the theory of biological evolution to human affairs. It was used to justify and clarify many notions of nationalism and imperialism. Science played a huge role in the coming about of this new discovery but in reality, the society shaped the science of what it was about. Charles Darwin was the root of new era and was profound to come up with the theory of evolution. His theory had become one the fundamental unifying principles of modern biology and

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Corporate Social Responsibility Essays - 1662 Words

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is the concept that corporations are expected to perform certain acts for the betterment of society. The article â€Å"Doing Right Leads to Doing Well†, explores CSR by contending that although firms use these tactics for some societal good, they may also be linked with increased brand identification and consumer trust, which may bloat the firm’s bottom line. The authors maintain that CSR outputs such as sponsorship, cause-related marketing, and pure philanthropy can be positively correlated to both â€Å"in-role† and â€Å"extra-role† consumer behaviors. In-role behaviors consist of directly supporting the company through acts such as purchasing, while extra-role behavior is the indirect support†¦show more content†¦Consumers then rationalize that action by convincing themselves that they will act virtuously in the future, in effect, offsetting the vice that they previously indulged in (Khan Dhar, 2007). The study suggests that although the consumer and citizen ‘within us’ approve of the philosophical idea of a socially responsible firm, that when faced with seductively priced goods, all bets are out the window. Another study titled, â€Å"Licensing Effect in Consumer Choice†, provides another antithesis, proposing that by taking part in previous virtuous behaviors, consumers are less likely to act virtuously in the future. Furthermore, consumers may interpret engaging with a firm that is known for its social responsibility as a relative virtue (Khan Dhar, 2006). For instance, consumers may quench their need for prosocial behavior if they engage in extra-role activities, such as suggesting to their family to shop at Starbucks because of their fair trade practices. Thus, the subsequent virtues or, in-role behaviors occur reasonably less, because the consumer has already proven to themselves that they can act virtuously (Khan Dhar, 2006) Both theories lend themselv es to the hypothesis that although CSR efforts may succeed in propagating extra-role behaviors or the mereShow MoreRelatedCorporate Social Responsibility : Corporate Responsibility773 Words   |  4 PagesCorporate social responsibility may also be referred to as corporate citizenship and can involve spending finances that do not directly benefit the company but rather advocate positive social and environmental change. The soul in the next economy forum presentation made it evident that achieving corporate social responsibly in a company can reap major benefits in terms of finances, more inspiring workplace and customer satisfaction. In the past, companies mistakenly thought that corporate socialRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibility1990 Words   |  8 PagesCorporate social responsibility is becoming a key initiative and an essential tool in the growth of multinational corporations and the development of third world countries throughout the globe. The two concepts can work hand in hand to provide benefits for all; however difficulties in regulating and implementing corporate social responsibility need to be overcome before effective changes can be made. Definitions of corporate social responsibility can be somewhat varied depending on the perceptionRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibility1904 Words   |  8 PagesCorporate Social Responsibility The different aspects of corporate social responsibility (CSR) have been the topic of considerable debate since the last decades of the twentieth century. Main factor for the increased interest on the part of stakeholders in this topic are the increased public awareness and interest in the corporate social responsibility following the Information Revolution. This essay will assess the dangers and benefits of the business ethics for most of the stakeholders – employeesRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibility : Corporate Responsibility2819 Words   |  12 PagesIntroduction For the past years, corporate social responsibility also referred, as corporate conscience has been a respected subject for discussion. Corporate social responsibility, unquestionably, contains more viewpoint than simply worried about the ecological impacts of associations. It came in people groups mind at the later 1880, time of essential modern advancement that associations ought to think about the thought of social obligation. Associations that are near to social obligation issues got toRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibilities2100 Words   |  9 PagesSustainability requires monitoring and managing all the person to ensure that our economy and society can continue to exist without destroying the social and natural environment during development. The sustainability includes three pillars, which are economic, social and environment, forming a triple bottom line. The triple bottom line demands that a company s responsibility lies with stakeholder rather than shareholder. The stake holder is a party who can be affected or affect by the action of the company suchRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibility15903 Words   |  64 PagesCORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY (CSR) is a term describing a company’s obligation to be accountable to all of its stakeholder in all its operation and activities. Socially responsible companies consider the full scope of their impact on communities and the environment when making decisions, balancing the needs of stakeholder with their need to make profit. A company’s stakeholders are all those who are influenced by and can influence a company’s decisions and action, both locally and globally. BusinessRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibility3253 Words   |  14 PagesLiving Dangerously in Two Worlds In my paper I will be discussing the topics related to corporate social responsibility. Corporate social responsibility (CSR, also called corporate responsibility, corporate citizenship, and responsible business) is a concept whereby organizations consider the interests of society by taking responsibility for the impact of their activities on customers, suppliers, employees, shareholders, communities and other stakeholders, as well as the environment. This obligationRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibility : Corporate Responsibility2819 Words   |  12 PagesIntroduction For the past years, corporate social responsibility also referred, as corporate conscience has been a respected subject for discussion. Corporate social responsibility, unquestionably, contains more viewpoint than simply worried about the ecological impacts of associations. It came in people groups mind at the later 1880, time of essential modern advancement that associations ought to think about the thought of social obligation. Associations that are near to social obligation issues got toRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibility : Corporate Responsibility2818 Words   |  12 PagesFor the past years, corporate social responsibility also referred, as corporate conscience has been a respected subject for discussion. Corporate social responsibility, unquestionably, contains more viewpoint than simply worried about the ecological impacts of associations. It came in people groups mind at the later 1880, time of essential modern advancement that associations ought to think about the thou ght of social obligation. Associations that are near to social obligation issues got to be worryRead MoreCorporate Responsibility And Corporate Social Responsibility Essay1867 Words   |  8 PagesStevan Jakovljevic Professor Laud MGT 3550 Values, Ethics and Sustainability 10/18/16 Chapter 3: Define corporate responsibility (CSR). Describe the benefits. Why do some executives support CSR while others find it troublesome and argue against it? Corporate social responsibility is what a company uses to self-regulate itself and refers to business practices involving initiatives that benefit society. A business’s CSR can encompass a wide variety of tactics, from giving away a portion of a company’s

Standard Of Treatment Mayo Clinic Health And Social Care Essay Free Essays

string(219) " the malignant neoplastic disease, Gastritis, gynaecology, Diabetes, Gastroenterology Heart Surgery, Endocrinology, Psychiatry, Kidney Disorders, Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology, Rheumatology and Rehabilitation\." Mayo clinic is a group of non-profit organisations dwelling of infirmaries and research centres runing in three geographical countries Minnesota, Arizona and Florida. There are some nomadic infirmaries and research centres working in the nearby countries of these wellness attention centres such as Franciscan Skemp Medical Center in La Crosse, Wisconsin. The Mayo group consists of Mayo medical schools, Mayo alumnus schools, Mayo graduate medical schools and wellness attention centres that are affiliated with mayo clinic. We will write a custom essay sample on Standard Of Treatment Mayo Clinic Health And Social Care Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now Mayo clinic is celebrated for it ‘s up to day of the month engineering and advanced ways of intervention qualified physicians and research on different diseases. It provide consultancy to the difficult to diagnosed patients who are non diagnosed by the other physicians and intervention for their jobs. Mayo clinic comes within top 20 infirmaries in the universe ranking for its advanced interventions and research because it allocates 40 % of their resources to the research. They maintain high quality criterions through their values like â€Å" The demands of the patient ever come first † . Background and History: Mayo clinic started as individual outpatient installation and now go the choice criterion in USA due to its effectual direction and cost economy policies. Dr. William Worrall Mayo along with his two boies William James Mayo and Charles Horace Mayo had laid the foundation of Mayo clinic. The other Mayo Clinic laminitiss are Drs. Mayo, Dr. Stinchfield, Dr. Graham, Dr. Henry Plummer, Dr. Millet, Dr. Judd, and Dr. Balfour. In the get downing the net incomes of the organisation were shared among the spouses and wage was paid to the other hired staff by the spouses. In 1846 Dr. William Worrall Mayo joined the Mayo clinic as a physician after migration from United Kingdom to the United States. In 1919 the net income oriented organisation was changed into the non net income organisation â€Å" Mayo Properties Association † . The Mayo brothers transferred all the clinic belongings, trappingss and everything to the freshly established association. In 1892, Dr. Augustus Stinchfield who w as considered to be the best physician in the little towns near Rocheste to fall in Mayo clinic and when Dr. Stinchfield joined the laminitis physician W.W. Mayo retired from the Mayo Association at the age of 73 old ages. Dr. Henry Stanley Plummer who is considered to be the â€Å" designer of the modern medical pattern † joined the Mayo clinic as a spouse and started pattern in 1901. He designed many advanced systems that are worldwide used today such as single dossier-style medical record and an complecting telephone system. Dr. Plummer is besides known for presenting the diagnostic and clinical facets of the pattern. Mayo brothers excelled their accomplishments in surgery. In 1907 Dr. Louis B. Wilson was hired to carry through Dr. Plummer ‘s plane to set up research and diagnostic research labs. In 1928 Plummer Building was designed by Johnathan Willian Dawson and Ray Corwin wit the inputs from the Mayo clinic staff and was tallest edifice in the Minnesota until the Foshay Tower was built in Minneapolis. This edifice was included in National Register of Historic Places in 1969. The Ellerbe house has besides constructed in 1914 Mayo â€Å" Red † edifice, the 1922 Mayo Institute of Experimental Medicine, the 1927 â€Å" Plummer † edifice and the Nayo edifice in 1954. The Mayo campus in Rochester approximately occupies the three clip s country than the Mall of America. In 1998 new edifice of Mayo infirmary was constructed in East Mayo Boulevard Phoenix and it occupies country of 210 estates site. This edifice contains 244 accredited beds, 18 operation suites and the exigency section of degree II. Patients Served at Mayo Clinic Mayo clinic has been supplying wellness attention installations for 100 old ages. Every twelvemonth more than 500,000 patients get installations from more than 150 states of the universe. More than 3,700 doctors and scientists and 49,000 medical support staff are working in Arizona, Florida and Minnesota. The patients receive doctor ‘s consultancy and medical trial before concluding medical examination really rapidly and patients are operated surgically in the really following twenty-four hours. Due to good direction the patients do n’t hold to wait for many yearss for their bend of operation. The ranking of the Mayo clinic is really good. The information of 2009 shows that 62,400 patients were admitted out of which 29,883 inmate and 21,035 outpatient surgeries. In exigency visits of patients were reported to be 79,542. The visits of greater no of people show their trust on the infirmary. Community Served The BASIC of the Mayo clinic is to fulfill the wellness demands and work out the relation of the people. Mayo believes that their premier map is to function the patients with welcoming, gracious and healthy attitude. The spouses of the Mayo besides try to keep the nucleus values and maintain their criterions. They non merely ease the patients but besides provide consultancy to the health care issues. They besides provide the nutrition planes, kid attention suggestions and supply planes to run into the hereafter challenges. The nucleus installations provided to all the patients are safe, quality wellness attention, educational offerings and above all a better quality of life. Mayo wellness system is a household clinic and provides a complete scope of wellness calling installations to the whole household with its diversified rand of installations and with updated equipments and qualified physicians. The patients receive quality intervention at their local infirmaries and can be benefited by the mayo ‘s consultancies at any clip. The environing infirmaries of Mayo Clinic are connected to it and can engage consultancies, skilled physicians and other equipment at any clip therefore supplying an overall better kind of wellness attention installations to the whole part. Scope of Service Mayo Clinic provides a broad scope of services in different countries of the universe. All kinds of diseases are cured here by the qualified physicians with latest engineerings. They provide intervention of the malignant neoplastic disease, Gastritis, gynaecology, Diabetes, Gastroenterology Heart Surgery, Endocrinology, Psychiatry, Kidney Disorders, Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology, Rheumatology and Rehabilitation. You read "Standard Of Treatment Mayo Clinic Health And Social Care Essay" in category "Essay examples" Health attention programs and consultancies are besides provided by them. They provide non merely wellness attention installations but besides research and educational installations to the community. There are 248 medical occupants, 27 PhD alumnuss, and 21 MS alumnuss and there are 77108 participants in Mayo School of Continuing professional Development. The new and modern engineerings which are discovered and the new ways developed for intervention are provided to the remainder of universe freely and nil is charged to the patients. There is another great service provided in the form of immature pupils ‘ instruction. The fact about Mayo Clinic is that it is really cost efficient in its operations so ensuing in cost economy policies and besides is a beginning of suggestions for other infirmaries. A really alone service provided by the Mayo clinic is to supply the insurance installation for its patients. Leadership and Management The basic motivation of wellness attention organisations is to fix sawboness and physicians who are excel in their field but they besides require directors for taking the organisation at assorted managerial places. Those who want direction instruction have to travel beyond their pattern to other establishments in the yesteryear. This forces the health care establishments to broaden their range of surveies and offer some extra classs to fix their efficient and effectual directors as this is the demand of ambitious dynamic environment. Therefore medical establishments besides started in-house leading plans to develop their directors for future leading. The Mayo initiated the leading plans and being the benchmark is function theoretical account for the other establishments. Staffing and Recruitment Employees are the major plus of the services organisations as their major success, productiveness and success depends on the public presentation and attitude of the employees. The more committed, satisfied and skilled employees put their best attempts in supplying services to the organisations. Hiring the right employees is a ambitious undertaking because engaging the incorrect employees is expensive, dearly-won, clip and resource consuming. The non committed employees are besides harmful to the organisation who leads to the increased turnover rate that causes fiscal load on the organisation. The Mayo clinic has good established Human Resource section for the enlisting and staffing procedure that selects employees. There is a formal system of enlisting in which the procedure starts with the occupation attention deficit disorder, so comes the application signifiers, recruitment trial, interview and some simulation trials for look intoing the on the occupation cognition. When anyone is employed he is dictated about the organisation and so preparation is besides provided. These employees are provided wage harmonizing to the market rates and some other benefits are besides provided for creative activity trueness and committedness to the organisation. As a consequence of the above discussed activities a really skilled, loyal, satisfied and committed work force is obtained. These employees are divided into different sections and each section executing a specific map. Reimbursement Beginnings The major beginning of Mayo clinic is the income from the patient attention which is reported $ 474 million for the twelvemonth 2008-09. The 2nd beginning is the part received by the grateful patients which is $ 236 million for 2008-09. Third one is the research activities that contribute in its income. The external grants for the research are $ 324million while Mayo ‘s ain research financess from donees $ 400 1000000s and other beginning of income is their diversified activities of clinical research lab and the wellness attention publications that contribute 57million to the entire income. As the Mayo clinic is a non net income organisation so their focal point in non profit maximization. Mayo ‘s stock market public presentation consequences in the 12.5 % returns. However due to fluctuations in the market Mayo clinic do non trust on the stock returns majorly and plans its budget estimating from other beginnings of income. Non-reimbursable Servicess: The focal point of the organisation is to supply best installations in clinical pattern, instruction and research. The innovations of medical patterns, instruments, processs and other research activities are provided freely to the remainder of the universe and no patents are earned over these things. All these installations are provided to accomplish the ultimate end of better standard life for everyone in the universe. The most of import non reimbursable service is the intervention of the patient, the diagnosing provided or the consultancy provided to the patient whose disease was non diagnosed by any other infirmary. Mayo clinic utilizations such alone patient history in its research and after survey publishes it in its research publications that are used by the whole universe. Since that Mayo clinic has really cost efficient system hence they besides provide some cost salvaging schemes to the other infirmaries and other organisations. Information Technology Used: Health information engineering ( HIT ) has been developed to organize attention of patients that have provided many installations to the people. This system provides information to the stakeholders maintaining a certain degree of patient privateness. It has created a calculated balance between the patient ‘s personal medical information and the elements of attention provided to the stakeholders necessary for intervention. Everybody has the entree on the general medical information. This information besides helps to build informations that can be used to avoid harm stairss in the exigency state of affairss of the patients. This accrual medical cognition can be helpful from the bar of many diseases. By utilizing this system voluntary patient identifier has been established by which anybody can entree his or her ain wellness and by comparing them with the medical criterions. The patient history is stored in the informational system so it can be really helpful for the diagnosing an d for future usage. This system can be helpful in secure interchanging the information between consumer and the supplier of consultancy. This system can be helpful to keep a better and standardised life manner. It can besides supply some societal benefits in early spread of infections and epidemics. Mayo clinic besides provide the proficient aid the attached infirmaries to better their criterions to ease the people of their ain countries. Regulatory and Quality Requirements Centers for Medicare A ; Medicaid Services ( CMS ) gives high ranking to the Mayo clinic as it non merely meets the needed criterions but exceeds the criterions required by the national quality steps. The joint committee is an independent and non- net income organisation working since 1951 and has categorized about 1500 wellness attention organisations in the United States. It has established many criterions on which organisations are categorized and most of import of which are the patient rights, patient intervention and infection control. These criterions are developed by the audience of wellness attention experts, providers, consumers and measuring experts. Mayo clinic besides fix some academic studies on quality measurings and one such undertaking was â€Å" The Dartmouth Atlas Project † . In this undertaking 4300 infirmaries were studied and checked that how the medical resources are used among the infirmaries of United States. This undertaking analyzed the doctors, infirmaries, part wise infirmaries and United States as a whole. The undertaking was conducted by the Center for the Evaluative Clinical Sciences at Dartmouth Medical School. University Health System Consortium ( UHC ) was created in 1984 in coaction with the academic wellness centres in the United States taking to increase the criterions of the infirmaries. In 1995 it categorized the Mayo Clinic as one of the best infirmaries of the U.S. The UHS has 95 full clip members and 128 associated members who physically visit the infirmaries and look into the wellness attention installations that are used in the ranking of the infirmary. The direction of the Mayo Clinic ensures that every service provided to the patients is up to the grade and of the declared quality indicated in the mission of the organisation. The plane for each intervention is checked before the start of intervention to guarantee that there is no spread in it. The patient ‘s charts are on a regular basis checked by the senior physicians to look into whether the patient is having intervention harmonizing to the intervention suggested. The dosage of medical specialty is besides reviewed and changed harmonizing to the patient ‘s fortunes. The intervention machines, equipments and other instruments are on a regular basis checked in every forenoon before the start of intervention. Before the intervention of following hebdomad, the plane of the old hebdomad is besides checked to see the betterments. Finally before the any machine the automated computerized system compares the healer ‘s scenes with the original plane so that the patient can neither have overdose or under-dose. There is besides a quality insurance cell which receives the feedback from the patients and attempts to invalidate these spreads. The stakeholders can besides lend by supplying suggestions for betterments in the overall system of the organisation. The Mayo clinic has been recognized by three quality boards the American Board of Family Medicine ( ABFM ) , the American BoardA of Internal Medicine ( ABIM ) , and the American Board of PediatricsA ( ABP ) which is the cogent evidence of their high quality criterions. Market Position There are different societies and organisation of Govt. private and public sector that categories the infirmaries and wellness attention organisations on the footing of the criterions set by them. These societies include Centers for Medicare A ; Medicaid Services ( CMS ) , University Health System Consortium ( UHC ) , The Dartmouth Atlas Project, U.S News and some other organisations. In 1998 Mayo Clinic was ranked thirtieth in orthopaedicss, 36th in rhinolaryngology and 38th in pneumonic disease. In the current twelvemonth 2010 the U.S News studied the 5,000 infirmaries of the United States and categorized them individually harmonizing to the installations for different diseases. Out of 5,000 infirmaries 152 infirmaries gain some forte and 14 infirmaries awarded â€Å" Honor Roll † which contain more than 6 fortes and Mayo clinic is one of them. Mayo clinic ranked in following places in following fortes Forte Ranking of Mayo Clinic Cancer 3 Diabities and Endocrinology 1 Gastroentology 1 Gynecology 2 Heart and bosom surgery 2 Kidney upsets 1 Neurology and neurosurgery 2 Orthopedicss 2 Pulmonology 2 Urology 3 In add-on to above ranking Mayo clinic besides retain some best sawboness, doctors, nurses and other paramedical staff. Their infirmary environment is really hygienic and nutrient served to the patients is of best quality. The Mayo clinic has besides the award of â€Å" honor Roll † of best nurses places in the United States. Considerations for Improvement The dramatic promotion in the engineering and other medical processs has put a force per unit area on wellness attention establishments to follow these freshly discovered processs and engineerings. There is ever a room for betterment in every system. Colorado Foundation for Medical Care ( CFMC ) is an organisation working for the betterment of infirmary quality and patient safety in the infirmaries and is working in the U.S. The CFMC is working chiefly on the surgical attention, bosom failure, Methicillin-resistant staphylococci aureus, force per unit area ulcers, physical restraints, the Health Care Leadership and Quality Assessment Tool, the AHRQ Culture Survey, drug safety, and public coverage. The chief challenge for the direction of Mayo clinic is non to convey alteration and new engineering but to accept and follow that alteration. The staff of mayo welcomes the alteration with unfastened weaponries so that their organisation becomes the benchmark in the part. Future Tendencies The chief purpose of the Mayo clinic is to transform finds into interventions through research. There are many research surveies that are continued under the counsel of many senior physicians in all the three metropoliss where Mayo clinic is runing. The particular patients who are identified with some new symptoms are specially studied by the Mayo clinic and after a whole research illations are concluded and the upset is identified. Then this alone instance is published in the publications of Mayo clinic. They are chiefly analyzing biomedical technology, bioinformatics, and the scientific discipline of wellness attention bringing. More than 6,000 employees are working on this research and the research budget for 2008 was $ 523 million. The chief intent of their research is to supply replies to patients that others ca n’t supply. The ultimate intent is the public assistance of society and better criterion of lifes through its attempts. Pertinent Aspect Discovered During my Research During the current survey many important facets were revealed that the Mayo clinic is carry oning. For illustration the neuromodulation is huge field of surgical intercession which is a immune psychiatric upset and batch of research is traveling on in mayo clinic. Beside this reversible intervention schemes for motion upsets are under survey and several tests have been done on this field. In add-on work is besides done on deep encephalon stimulation ( DBS ) in treatment-resistant depression, obsessive-compulsive upset ( OCD ) , and Tourette syndrome. The neuromodulation therapies, neurophysiological anomalousnesss and their consequence on deep encephalon stimulation ( DBS ) are hot subjects to dot and research. The determination Mayo Clinic can duplicate the familial showing effectivity for sudden decease bosom status. All the characteristics, installations, experienced physicians, equipments, processs adopted and research conducted in Mayo clinic suggest that it one of the best wellness attention organisation and serves as benchmark to other wellness attention organisations due its direction and efficient usage of resources. How to cite Standard Of Treatment Mayo Clinic Health And Social Care Essay, Essay examples

Leadership in the Organization

Question: Write an essay on Leadership. Answer: Theories of Leadership The case study will be helpful in defining the different issues in the Enron, which highlight the various aspects related to the customers, employees and the working strategy of the organization. There are various examples which are also defined in the case study, which are helpful in defining the working strategy and the working structure of the organization. The purpose of the case study is to define the culture, the conduct of the chief executives and the other defined issues in the organizations. To solve the different situations and to provide the suitable aspects to manage the issues, there are various theories and the models of leadership defined. The influence of an appropriate leadership also matters a lot. The suitable leaders may also help in managing the suitable flow of the process in the organization (Wolinski, 2010). The different models or the theories are defined to solve the issues. The classic view of the management is defined by the Fayoll, which possesses the four steps in the process which are named as the controlling, organizing, planning and directing (Sarker Azam Khan, 2013). The classic theory helps in solving the issues related to the cultural aspects related to the organization. Other than this, the other theories are also defined for the organization which can be helpful in improving the current aspects of the organization. The two different theories are named as the transactions and the transformational theory or the model which possesses the different features in comparison to the other theories (Human Synergistics International, 2012). The transformational theory mainly focuses on the participative and relationship oriented aspects, while the transaction aspects mainly focus on the task oriented and the product centered approaches. To improve the financial and the revenue issues related to the Enron, these theories are helpful in various aspects. In the case study, the cultural aspects related to the organization are also defined on the wide level. The culture of the organization consists of the individualism, innovation and unrestrained pursuit. So, to manage the culture of the organization in an appropriate manner, it is essential to follow the definite type of leadership which is named as the Contingency leadership theory. This theory mainly depicts the situational factors related to the organization. In contingency theory, the more mature model will be helpful in defining the more prominent aspects. The power influence is also considered as the most prominent type of the leadership theory which is helpful in solving the issues related to the Enron. The legitimate power, coercive power and the reward power are the main elements related to the power influence. This theory is also helpful in managing the performance and the reward system related to the organization. These theories will be helpful in providing the suitable assistance to Enron. These theories and the models not only help in creating the positive influence, but by the help of these theories, the suitable framing related to the organization may also become possible on a large scale. According to the Nicholson, the leaders are responsible for framing the future aspects, so the implementation of the suitable theories and management through the theories will also help in managing the suitable aspects (Nicholson, 2013). Influence of Leadership on Culture The culture and the aspects related to the culture play the important role in the organization. To manage the culture is essential. The prominent theorist of the culture named as the Edgar Scheidn argued that the creation and the management of the organizational culture are done by the leaders according to their theory of belief and the values. It is defined in the case study that the risk taking culture and the various incentives will be helpful in generating and manipulating the profit estimates. The culture is considered as the shared phenomenon and is also divided into two parts which are the deeper and the visible. The deeper part can only be managed by the appropriate leadership skills. The culture is divided into various types and according to that, the leadership types will also be decided. The different type of culture is the Clan, Adhocacy, Hierarchy and market. On the basis of the culture, the different type of leadership is also defined (Drucker, 2007). The leadership influences the culture of the organization in various manners. To manage the culture, the different type of leadership is also defined which are named as the transformational, charismatic, authentic, servant and spiritual leadership. All these leadership has their different aspects and the process of carrying the aspects. Both, the positive and the negative impacts of the leadership are noticeable (House, 1999). The different types of leadership and their impact on the organization are defined below with the help of the table: - Type of Leadership Positive Influence of the culture. Negative influence on the culture. Transformational Provides the employee retention, Job satisfaction and the emotional intelligence to the employees which are helpful in promoting the organization. Lacking in intellectual stimulation and Individualized consideration. Charismatic This leadership will be helpful in providing the smooth and strong culture of the organization. Mainly based on the trust and the beliefs. The negative aspect is that only believe is not sufficient, other developmental aspects are also essential for culture. Authentic The authentic leaders are well known for their definite aspects and also define the suitable task for the future too. It provides the definite and well defined working structure for the culture. As the leadership is related so takes an appropriate and well defined time in completing the process. Rather than the impact of the most prominently defined leadership, the other impact of the leadership on the organizational culture is defined below. Leaders always try to manage these aspects which are defined in the suitable manner. In fact, leaders define only that aspect which thinks of the people related to the organization. To manage the culture, the joint efforts of the people are highly appreciable. Using the different tools like the behavior strategies, different styles and the leadership effects help in creating the positive impact on the culture by the leaders (Fermin, 2014). In fact, in the organization, the culture is also influenced by the gender differentiation in terms of the leadership activities. By the researchers and the philosophers, it is also identified that the women are considered as the best in providing the coaching, managing, processing and communicating. So, it can be possible that not only the males, but the females can also able to manage the most appropriate aspects related to the leadership skills. The women leaders also can able to create the positive impact on the working culture of the organization and also boost up the employees in performing well in the organization. By all these aspects, it becomes easier to manage the suitable aspects. Recommendations for Unethical Behavior While going through the case study related to the Enron, with the positive aspects some of the negative aspects related to the Enron are also reflected. It is mentioned in the case study that during the transfer of the energy, out of California, first the blackouts were done. After this, the sudden rise in the price will provide the inappropriate feedback by raising the price of the electricity. By this, it is clearly shown that the organization followed the unethical behavior. To remove this aspect of the organization and to make the smooth management of the organization, it is essential to perform the ethical practices in the organization and for this, some of the appropriate recommendations are also provided (MacDonald, 2008). The executives and the senior management play the important role in carrying the appropriate ethical behavior in the organization. By their positive and innovative efforts, it will become easier to eradicate the unethical behavior of the employees in the organization and the smooth flow of the culture can also be managed. The leaders and the managers set the effective agendas and try to provide the best and appropriate results of the organizational culture. In fact, in the case study it is also defined that the senior executives and the managers also set the core values and the mission of the future perspectives. By this, the cultural management is also becoming very easier (AE Team, 2016). According to the Karpin, there are various challenges which are faced by the leaders while bringing the change in the organization. The major challenges are the management of the relationships; lead an organization, to design the quite different design. The leaders have to manage the various aspects as per the requirement of the organization and the culture. The major strength which may help in bringing the ethical behavior in the organization is the most appropriate strength possesses by the leaders (Douglas, 2012). The strength is the hard working, technically sound, independent, genuine and most approachful, honest and ethical too. One of the unethical behaviors which are also mentioned in the case study is related to the performance issues of the employees. During the year, approximately 15-20% of the employees are fired due to their inappropriate performance. But, this includes the unethical behavior carried out by the leaders. It is recommended that the suitable rules and the guidelines should be made for the organization to fire the candidate. It is also mentioned in the case study that the internal conflicts among the board of directors will also lead to the unethical behavior towards the employees. There are total 17 directors in the organizations, but due to their unethical behavior in the organization, 7 of them quit the job and the remaining is 6 of them were sued form their current job. By these, the sponsorship and the relationship of the stakeholders were also reduced. It is recommended that to manage the issues related to the organization and to remove the unethical behavior, the leaders or the hea d of the organization has to switch towards the Guanxi, which plays an important role in developing the personal and the social networking in the organization. The Guanxi consists of three dimensions named as the Ganging, trust and credibility and face. This will be helpful in further developing aspects. By following these recommendations, it will become easier to manage the culture and the values related to the organization. Bibliography AE Team. (2016). Unethical Behavior - It's Impact on Today's Workplace. Unethical Behavior. Douglas, E. (2012, October 31). 7 Practices to Prevent Unethical Behavior. 7 Practices to Prevent Unethical Behavior. Drucker, P. (2007). Management: Tasks, Responsibilities, Practices. Transaction Publishers. Fermin, J. (2014, July 23). Leaderships Influence Companys Culture. Leaderships Influence Companys Culture. House, R. J. (1999, July 23). How Cultural Factors Affect Leadership. How Cultural Factors Affect Leadership. Human Synergistics International. (2012). The Impact of Leaders on Culture. The Impact of Leaders on Culture. MacDonald, H. (2008, March 11). Active Listening. Active Listening. Nicholson, N. (2013, May 14). THE INVENTION OF LEADERSHIP. Business Strategy Review, 24(2), 1429.